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Thursday, 27 October 2016

Collapsed Neonates

Resuscitate
As per appropriate
Adrenaline 10mcg/kg

Prostin -  
    - 5 ng/kg/min if clinically well
    - 20 ng/kg/min if unstable or absent femoral pulses
    - 50-100 ng/kg/min if no response
Apnoea common: 1st hr of Rx, dose
Hypotension may occur with high dose

Prostin
- 5 ng/kg/min if clinically well
- 20 ng/kg/min if unstable or absent femoral pulses
- 50-100 ng/kg/min if no response
Apnoea common: 1st hr of Rx, dose

Hypotension may occur with high dose

Think about Causes
Infection
Group B strep, E Coli - PROM, maternal GBS, fever in labour
Herpes Simplex - GCS, coagulopathy, ALT, family cold sores
MRSA - Unresponsive 1st line antibiotics,+ contact

Cardiac
Coarctation aorta - Systolic arm/leg gradient > 20 mmHg
Hypoplastic Left heart - Poor pulses –may be pink= pulm. overcirculation
Transposition (TGA) - Preductal sats < post ductal sats
TAPVD (obstructed) - Shocked & cyanosed/CXR plethoric
SVT  - HR>220 despite fluid, f ixed HR, narrow QRS
Myocarditis - Cardiac failure, tachycardia, small QRS

Injury 
Intracranial bleed  - Focal neuro signs, fontanel le , retinal bleeds
Intrabdominal bleed - Unexplained anaemia, abdominal bruising

Cardiac

Metabolic
Vomiting, reduced GCS, hypoglycaemia
Stop the feeds. Give fluid and dextrose as highly likely to be fluid depleted

References
http://paediatricem.blogspot.co.uk/search/label/NLS
http://www.rcemlearning.co.uk/references/congenital-heart-disease/ 
http://www.rcemlearning.co.uk/modules/the-shocked-neonate/ 
http://www.rcemfoamed.co.uk/portfolio/metabolic-babies-in-the-ed-easy-as-1-2-3/ 

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