I struggled to find PEM resources for my CT3 year, despite the variety of excellent resources out there. I hope this website will help point you in the right direction. I'm not a PEM expert, but am following the guidance CEM have issued (in the form of a syllabus) to put together this page. This page is not endorsed by CEM, and any mistakes are mine.

Please comment with corrections, additions and further suggestions.

All the information here is collected from the internet, and it might be out of date or inaccurate, so please use your judgement and adhere to your hospital's protocols. If you do notice any errors or omissions please comment so we can put them right!

To navigate, decide whether you want to start with a PMP or a PAP. You can then select which PMP or PAP you want to look at. You will then be taken to the summary page for that PMP, with links expanded topic collections. If you know what topic you want to look at already, click on the link on the right hand side.

Sunday, 14 July 2019


A BRUE or an ALTE needs thorough history taking and examination.

It is defined as:

“an episode that is frightening to the observer and that is
characterized by some combination of apnea (central or obstructive), color
change (usually cyanotic or pallid, but occasionally erythematous or plethoric)
marked change in muscle tone (usually marked limpness), choking"

ie Apnoea, Looks Different, Tone different, Exhibits unconsciousness

If this occurs whilst the child is sleeping, it may be apnoea of infancy. The child may also have insomina, hypersomnia etc. History will be key!

Take a careful history. And if there are no high risk features, the child can probably go home.

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