I struggled to find PEM resources for my CT3 year, despite the variety of excellent resources out there. I hope this website will help point you in the right direction. I'm not a PEM expert, but am following the guidance CEM have issued (in the form of a syllabus) to put together this page. This page is not endorsed by CEM, and any mistakes are mine.

Please comment with corrections, additions and further suggestions.

All the information here is collected from the internet, and it might be out of date or inaccurate, so please use your judgement and adhere to your hospital's protocols. If you do notice any errors or omissions please comment so we can put them right!

To navigate, decide whether you want to start with a PMP or a PAP. You can then select which PMP or PAP you want to look at. You will then be taken to the summary page for that PMP, with links expanded topic collections. If you know what topic you want to look at already, click on the link on the right hand side.

Wednesday, 17 July 2019

Purpura in Children

Vasculitis with arthralgia, abdo pain, and or renal involvement. Purpura occurs in all patients. The rash is distinctive. Urinalysis is needed - manage with analgesia. Consider steroids.

A first episode of HSP usually resolves within 4 weeks with the rash being the last symptom to go.
Joint pain usually resolves spontaneously within 72 hours and abdo pain in 24- 48 hours.
Uncomplicated abdominal pain usually resolves spontaneously within 24-48 hours

Covered on DFTB.

Petechial Rash 
The flow chart on this website is useful for highlighting when to investigate but this one is probably the best.
NICE say give ceftriaxone if:
  petechiae start to spread
  the rash becomes purpuric
  there are signs of bacterial meningitis
  there are signs of meningococcal septicaemia
  the child or young person appears ill to a healthcare professional
A non specific viral illness is the most likely cause of the rash.


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